C#: Create an XUnit test project in 2 minutes
Any sufficiently large codebase will need testing. Pretty much every codebase should have testing. I've been building a lot with C# recently and wanted to create a super simple, repeatable process for getting up and running with an XUnit test project.
Here's my process for creating an XUnit test project in 2 minutes.
Create an XUnit Test Project
I use dotnet core and I'm going to assume that I already have a project
MyProject created in directory
MyProject. So looking at a directory view, we'd have something like:
./ (we are here) - MyProject
Let's create an XUnit test project called
MyTests by running these commands from a terminal:
mkdir MyTests- create the directory for
cd MyTests- navigate into directory
dotnet new xunit- create our xunit project
dotnet test- test that everything's working alright
If everything succeeded you should see outputs saying that your tests passed. Your directory should now look something like:
./ (we are here) - MyProject - MyTests
Reference your project from tests
So now we have a test project that we can run. Usually you'll want to test code from another project (like
MyProject) and we're not quite ready for that. If we try to test code from
MyProject right now
MyTests will throw errors saying it doesn't know what that code is. That's because we haven't given
MyTests a reference to
MyProject and thus it can't figure out what the imported code is.
To add a reference to
MyProject you can use the add reference command:
dotnet add PATH_TO_CSPROJ reference PATH_TO_REFERENCE_CSPROJ
In our case we'll want
MyTests to reference
MyProject because we'd like to use our source code inside of our tests. So here we'd run something like:
dotnet add ./MyTests/MyTests.csproj reference ./MyProject/MyProject.csproj
Assuming everything worked correctly you should now have a working xunit project!